Install Linux

Giving Linux a shot? How do you install Linux? Though this is a complicated process but computer literates need just enough groundwork to pull this off.

If this is being installed on a Windows computer then it is not that difficult. You have to execute few more steps if you are installing on a Mac. As part of our tech support services, Zenius PC Support will install Linux and guide you regarding its usage.

Why install Linux?

Using Linux Operating System gives your system your various advantages. Some of the common benefits of installing Linux on PC are:
No need to reboot your system to maintain performance
Enhances performance of old systems
Can handle large number of users simultaneously
Better network functionality than Windows
Enhanced PC security
Ability to process all regular types of file formats
Ability to run all familiar Unix software packages
Speedy and user friendly installation


How to Install Linux Operating System?

There are several methods of installing this OS.


Live CD

Downloading and burning a live CD is the most common among them. You would have to get live CD from the net so go to the home page of the distribution and check for downloads section. There are sites which would host BitTorrent downloads of their distribution. In case you see a link for “alternative downloads”, do check that out. Otherwise it can be downloaded from the site.
There would be choices available when you download. If you are doubtful go for the 32-bit desktop version.

Once your .ISO file has been downloaded open the favorite burning program and burn it to a blank CD. Then restart the system. A “press any key to boot from CD” prompt would appear and then press a key. After it boots up there would be given the option to try Linux or install it. Click install.


Live USB Method

For Windows you would require Unetbootin. Download it, start it up and manage everything from inside the program. Pick distribution from its list; pick drive letter which corresponds to thumb drive at the bottom and press OK.
Restart the computer and enter the BIOS setup by hitting a key like Delete when you first start up. Go to the “Boot” section of BIOS and find the section for changing the boot order. Save settings and leave the BIOS. When system starts it should take you to the Unetbootin menu from where you can boot into the Linux live session



There is slight difference in the installation process but the general setup would guide you through the steps easily. Just assume that you are installing Linux along with another Operating system assuming . You would have to pay attention to few things.


Drive partitioning

When installer asks where to install Linux, you would have to partition your drive. Ubuntu’s installation would partition drive automatically and unless you have specific needs. You might have to create partitions yourself. Then you would have to create two. Second one is created for swap space as it would help the computer manage memory effectively and running fast. If there is small amount of ram then you would have to swap partition to be twice as large as amount of RAM that you have.



Linux would install a new bootloader called GRUB. It would replace the normal one and give you an option to choose Linux and Windows at startup. Mac users would like to install the GRUB on the Linux partition and Windows users have to e cautious if there is a reinstallation of Windows as you might lose bootloader and have to install it again.


In order to boot into newly installed Linux partition, you have to restart the computer. It would take to GRUB menu, which would allow you to choose whether to boot into Windows or Linux.